MØFOX UK Ham Radio

Paul Leicester

MØFOX Amateur Radio Website Paul Leicester

Amateur radio (also called ham radio) is the use of designated radio frequency spectra for purposes of private recreation, non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, and emergency communication. The term “amateur” is used to specify persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without direct monetary or other similar reward, and to differentiate it from commercial broadcasting, public safety (such as police and fire), or professional two-way radio services (such as maritime, aviation, taxis, etc.).

The amateur radio service (amateur service and amateur satellite service) is established by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) through the International Telecommunication Regulations. National governments regulate technical and operational characteristics of transmissions and issue individual stations licenses with an identifying call sign. Prospective amateur operators are tested for their understanding of key concepts in electronics and the host government’s radio regulations. Radio amateurs use a variety of voice, text, image, and data communications modes and have access to frequency allocations throughout the RF spectrum to enable communication across a city, region, country, continent, the world, or even into space.

Amateur radio is officially represented and coordinated by the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU), which is organized in three regions and has as its members the national amateur radio societies which exist in most countries. According to an estimate made in 2011 by the American Radio Relay League, two million people throughout the world are regularly involved with amateur radio.[1] About 830,000 amateur radio stations are located in IARU Region 2 (the Americas) followed by IARU Region 3 (South and East Asia and the Pacific Ocean) with about 750,000 stations. A significantly smaller number, about 400,000, are located in IARU Region 1 (Europe, Middle East, CIS, Africa).


M0FOX UK Ham Radio

little-foxie

Paul Leicester | MØFOX | Chesterfield UK | IO93HE | Yaesu FTDX1200.

LP-100A Digital Vector Wattmeter

D7K_3792_Version_2 DSCN8946c LP-100A_rear_dual-b
LP-100A Digital Vector Wattmeter
Everything you need for critical station monitoring, tuning and protection on one screen. No other meter has dual bargraphs, OR a graphic display with solid bargraphs, OR bargraph with 90 bars for fine tuning of Power and SWR, OR an SWR alarm with snooze mode, OR a “sticky” bar for graphic peak hold indication… let alone having them all on one screen! This is by far the best display for tuning a manual tuner, without having to change display mode for normal operation. It is also the only meter with 11 bands of frequency indexed NIST traceable calibration points using a built-in frequency counter.
Plus, the LP-100A has additional modes no other wattmeter has when you desire them… vector impedance, dBm/RL, calibrated field strength and compression ratio.
Dual Coupler Option Two couplers… one LP-100A… auto-sensing… perfect for SO2R. Better than “paralleled” couplers because the couplers are isolated from each other, and each has its own Calibration table.

LP-100A Features & Specs

* Dual Coupler Option. Allows one LP-100A to use two couplers, with auto-sensing and switching to the active coupler.
Great for SO2R operation or when your transmit paths are different for HF and 6m
* Several new menus for additional customization of user preferences
* LP-100A now integrated with N4PY software
* Graphic VFD display with high contrast non-glare neutral density filter
* Front panel power switch
* Large scrolling call sign screen saver
* Setup screen for call sign entry
* Setup screen for display brightness
* Setup screen for screen saver timers
* Dual 40MHz Processors
* Per-band power calibration, user adjustable in 0.1% steps
* Frequency counter – user adjustable per-band corrections of all parameters.
* Only meter with Z, R, |X|, Phase display… not affected by local broadcast stations as antenna analyzers can be.
* Super wide autoranging power range of 50 mW to 3000W, 160-6m… perfect for QRPp through QRO
* Optional couplers for 5KW and 10KW. Our 10KW will handle more power and generate much less heat than our competitor’s.
* Only meter with Graphic VFD display. The graphic display allows for a solid bargraph with no gaps, and full screen scrolling screensaver as shown in the shot above with N8LP scrolling.
* Only meter with simultaneous bargraphs for Power and SWR (or Power and Ref Pwr).
* Highest bargraph resolution. 90 segments gives 1% tuning resolution with standard bargraph range settings (adjustable)
* Only meter that has a “sticky” bar to graphically show peak hold point even while bargraph is moving.
* Fast attack bargraph will accurately display a single “dit” at over 100 wpm. Decay adjustable for Fast, Med, Slow.
* Active temperature compensation. Only other meter with this is Alpha.
* True 12-bit A/D converter gives <1W resolution at 2000W. 13.6 bit effective resolution up to 360W.
* Return Loss (RL) display of 0 to 49.9 dB with bargraph
* Separate scale for dBm measurements, +15.0 dBm to +64.0 dBm with bargraph
* Field Strength input covers the range of  -15 dBm to +33 dBm (0.04 mW to 2W)… great for beam pattern and bench measurements
* Peak to Average ratio screen. Allows accurate checking and setting of compression in your speech processor.
* Support within TRX-Manager for direct remote monitoring
* Call sign screen saver – user programmable
* Free Plot program displays SWR, Z, Phase, R+jX (including sign), reflection coefficient, Return Loss and Smith chart.
* SWR alarm with “snooze” mode for antenna tuning. Alarm has LED, PTT relay and audible sounder (which can be easily disabled)
* G4HFQ’s free PolarPlot program works with the LP-100A’s Field Strength mode to provide automatic antenna pattern plotting. See software section of this web page.
* Separate coupler with 50 ohm ports for uncluttered desktop – remotable up to 50′ with appropriate calibration.
* Three autotanging scales with independently adjustable maximums.
* SWR display resolution is .01
* SWR error < .15  (5%) from about 100mW to 3000W, <.05 typical
* Power accuracy is better than 5% at any frequency from ~1W to maximum, 3% typical with NIST traceable factory calibration
* Power display is actual power delivered to the load ( Fwd minus Ref power) or traditional Fwd power.
* SWR Alarm system with set points for Off, 1.5, 2.0. 2.5, 3.0 and user setting. Audible & visual alarm, with PTT loop-thru & adjustable power threshold
* Windows® freeware Virtual Control Panel for software control or remote control.
* Built-in bootloader to allow for firmware upgrades to be downloaded and installed.
* Conforms to FCC Part 15 A & B, ICAS and CE radiated emission limits, tested and verified by accredited lab

Paul Leicester | MØFOX | Chesterfield UK | IO93HE | Yaesu FTDX1200.

Hameg HM303-6 35Mhz Oscilloscope

3031 3032 303 HM303-6_engl English manual

Hameg 35 MHz Analog Oscilloscope

2 Channels with deflection coefficients of 1mV/cm – 20 V/cm
Time Base: 0.2 s/cm – 100 ns/cm, with X Magnification to 10 ns/cm
Low Noise Measuring Amplifiers with high pulse fidelity and minimum overshoot
Triggering from 0 to 50 MHz from 5 mm signal level (up to 100 MHz from 8mm)
Up to 500,000 signal displays per second in optimum analog quality
Yt, XY and component-test modes

 

Hameg HM303-6 35Mhz Oscilloscope

Paul Leicester | MØFOX | Chesterfield UK | IO93HE | Yaesu FTDX1200.

Icom IC-7800 HF/50MHz All Mode Transceiver

7800HF/50MHz All Mode Transceiver

Icom has been developing radio communication equipment for over forty years. Its heritage has always been based on technical excellence from the first analogue PLL circuit in the IC-200, to the ground-breaking 32-bit floating point DSP of the IC-756PRO. Ham radio stations increasingly use high power and high gain antennas that raise the field strength of unintended signals, and thus require a wider receiver dynamic range. Icom has developed the flagship model IC-7800 which is a fusion of forty years analogue RF circuit development expertise, with cutting edge digital technology. The result is 110dB dynamic range, +40dB 3rd order intercept point in HF bands and other phenomenal performance features. The receivers combine various current and new technology, to obtain the +40dBm IP3.

+40dBm IP3 (3rd order Intercept Point)
Icom’s 40 years of analogue RF circuit experience combined with cutting edge digital technology results in an astonishing 110dB receiver dynamic range and a +40dBm IP3 in the HF bands. A first in Ham radio!

To achieve this superior receiver performance, Icom’s engineering team completely reviewed the whole analogue circuit and matched it to the DSP units. This allowed us to explore new technical dimensions such as a double conversion super-heterodyne system, mechanical relay BPF switching and two roofing filters.

Mechanical relay BPF (Band Pass filter) switching and two roofing filters
The IC-7800 uses highly reliable and durable mechanical relays for BPF switching instead of non-linear semi-conductors which cause distortion. The mechanical relay prevents 2nd order distortion at the primary stage of signal processing.

The IC-7800 has two roofing filters before the 1st IF amplifier stage. One is 15 kHz filter for FM mode and the other is 6kHz filter for SSB, CW, AM and data modes. The IC-7800 switches between these two roofing filters depending on operating mode. Typically, transceivers use only one broad 15 kHz roofing filter for all modes. This is not an optimal design for SSB, CW, or AM modes.

The two roofing filters dramatically improve the blocking characteristics from strong adjacent signals.

Automatic tracking pre-selector
The pre-selector works from 1.5MHz to 30MHz. The pre-selector automatically tracks the intended signal, keeping the pre-selector’s bandwidth centred on the operating frequency at several kHz steps (minimum). The pre-selector rejects unwanted out of band interference from multi-multi operation or strong broadcast stations, as your first line of defence against interfering signals. The centre frequency of the pre-selector is adjustable from the DIGI-SEL tuning knob on the front panel.

Double conversion super-heterodyne system
While mixers often become a cause of signal distortion and spurious emissions, the IC-7800 utilises a double conversion super-heterodyne system using a newly developed image rejection mixer. A high performance D-MOS FET array for the 1st mixer stage is infused with a signal from the high-level C/N, high-drive Local Oscillator from the PLL unit. This new mixer reduces signal distortion through IF processing and provides a high-fidelity signal to the DSP unit.

AGC loop management using the DSP unit
The IC-7800 has two types of AGC loops. One of the AGC loops detects the AGC voltage at the BPF input in the DSP unit and feeds back to the 1st IF amplifier. This AGC loop prevents the saturation of the 1st IF amplifier from strong signals out of the BPF bandwidth, and improves the dynamic range against adjacent signals. The other AGC loop detects the AGC voltage at the digital IF filter output which has only passed the intended signal and draws the full potential from the digital IF filter. Combining the digital IF filter, manual notch, and the 1st IF stage, these are all controlled by the DSP unit. 110dB of ultra wide dynamic range in the receiver means the IF amplifier is distortion free from strong signals.

Two completely independent receiver circuits
The ultimate dual receiver performance is at your control; the receivers are completely independent all the way from the 4 antenna jacks, through the pre-selectors, DSP, signal detectors, front panel control, and right into the stereo headphone! The dual receiver allows you to receive two different bands simultaneously in different modes, with each receiver not causing any adverse affect to the other one. This true dual receiver takes your band hopping and contesting experience to the next level!

AGC Volume knob for fine tuning
In addition to the preset AGC time constants (slow, medium and fast), the manual AGC volume provides flexible detailed AGC tuning.

Digital IF filter
The digital IF filter has superior filtering performance and a distinguished shaping factor that demonstrates the power of 32-bit floating point DSP. The digital filter is completely free from deterioration due to deviations in band characteristics, temperature change, or mechanical vibration, all of which have likely been seen with analogue filters. The digital IF filter also provides excellent ripple characteristics and clean cut that have never been available with analogue filters. The filter shape is selectable from soft and sharp, depending on the purpose, operating band, band conditions, etc. It is also possible to set CW and SSB filter characteristics independently, and also select the filter shape while actually receiving a signal.

Manual notch filter with adjustable notch filter characteristics
The IC-7800’s manual notch filter shape can be set in 3-steps for the various receiving conditions. The manual notch filter has extremely sharp characteristics for processing in the DSP and provides tremendous performance for attenuation levels of more than 70dB in all shapes. The DSP-based manual notch provides stable performance and completely shuts off undesired beat signals without affecting AGC gain. In addition, an automatic notch filter tracks and wipes off the beat signal and RTTY interference.

Four 32-bit floating point DSP units and 24-bit AD/DA converters
The IC-7800 uses four pairs of 32-bit floating point DSP units and 24-bit AD/DA converters. One for the transmitter, one for each receiver, and the final one for the spectrum scope. The DSP units deliver the phenomenal performance of the digital signal processing. A powerful combination born of Icom’s analogue RF technology and experience.

200W output power at full duty cycle
The newly designed push-pull power MOS-FET amplifiers work with 48V DC and provide a powerful 200W of output power at full duty cycle with low IMD in all bands. The digital PSN modulator using a dedicated DSP unit consistently reproduces an outstanding signal-to-noise ratio, providing clean and clear transmission.

Ultra high stability OCXO unit
Your IC-7800 will be the reference point on the band with a standard stability of +/-0.05ppm! Even on the 6m band, that is less than 3Hz error from the Oven Controlled Crystal Oscillator! Also, a 10MHz reference frequency can be the input/output for external equipment.

RTTY /PSK31 operation without PC connection
The IC-7800 has a modulator and demodulator for the 2 major HF ham digital modes. Encode and decode of PSK31 and Baudot RTTY signals are possible by simply connecting a USB keyboard to the IC-7800. The twin peak audio filter improves RTTY reception. In addition, transmitted and received messages can be stored to the CF memory card and transferred to your PC.

Real time spectrum scope
With the dedicated DSP unit, the spectrum scope provides 80dB dynamic range of signal processing (the IC-756PROII is 60dB). The scope span can be set to +/-2.5 to +/-250kHz in 7 steps, providing wide band signal analysis. The monitor range can be set independently from the receiving frequency. You can monitor the band condition between the selected sweep edges, as well as sweep a selected band width centred on the receiving frequency in the scope screen.

In addition, the scope has many features including scope attenuator (10dB/20dB/30dB), 3 types of marker (Main band, Sub band, Transmit), Max hold function and Main- Sub band one touch switch. The mini scope function is convenient for continuous monitoring even while adjusting the set mode.

Microphone equaliser and adjustable transmit bandwidth
The built-in audio equaliser has the separate bass and treble adjustment for a total of 121 combinations, so you can tone your voice up or down as you want. In addition, the transmit bandwidth is selectable.

Icom IC-7800 HF/50MHz All Mode Transceiver

Paul Leicester | MØFOX | Chesterfield UK | IO93HE | Yaesu FTDX1200.